Frequently Asked QuestionsQ: What is InfraGard?
A: A Government and private sector alliance. InfraGard was developed by FBI Cleveland in 1996 to promote protection of critical information systems. InfraGard provides formal and informal channels for the exchange of information about infrastructure threats and vulnerabilities. Q: Why do we need InfraGard?
A: InfraGard is needed for several reasons:
- Most infrastructure components are privately owned and operated;
- The government and the private sector have a wealth of information on threats to our systems, and this wealth needs to be shared and analyzed;
- Systems are often interconnected;
- Reliance on automation is increasing;
- Tools to do harm are widely available and do not require a high degree of technical skill;
- Globalization of infrastructures increases exposure to potential harm;
- Sophisticated communication systems in the hacker community; and
- Victims often do not report cyber intrusions (Institutional concerns about the outcome and confusion about when/where to report the incident)
A: Unstructured Threats (Insiders, Recreational Hackers, and Institutional Hackers); Structured Threats (Organized Crime, Industrial Espionage and Terrorists); and National Security Threats (Intelligence Agencies and Information Warriors). Q: How does the government benefit from InfraGard?
A: The benefits are:
- More computer intrusions are reported;
- Satisfies PDD-63 requirement for the FBI/NIPC to play an active role in protecting our critical infrastructures;
- New channels to disseminate threat warnings to the private sector and other government agencies;
- New contacts in the business community;
- Prompt threat warnings from the FBI and other InfraGard members;
- Better understanding of the FBI and other law enforcement resources available to combat cyber and physical threats;
- Education and training on cyber and physical security topics; and
- The opportunity to interact and share information with representatives from the law enforcement community, academia, private industry, and other government agencies.